2020

120

Soon-Il An, Soong-Ki Kim, Axel Timmermann, Fokker–Planck dynamics of the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Scientific Reports, 10, 16282, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-73449-7

119

Park, J‐H, An, S‐I, Kug, J‐S, Yang, Y‐M, Li, T, Jo, H‐S. Mid‐latitude leading double‐dip La Niña. Int J Climatol. 2020; 1– 18. https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.6772

118

Zhao, J., Kug, J.‐S., Park, J.‐H., An, S.‐I. (2020). Diversity of North Pacific Meridional Mode and its distinct impacts on El Niño‐Southern Oscillation. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL088993. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL088993 

117

Young-Min Yang, Soon-Il An, Bin Wang, Jae Heung Park, A global-scale multidecadal variability driven by Atlantic multidecadal oscillation, National Science Review, Volume 7, Issue 7, July 2020, Pages 1190–1197, https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwz216

2019 

116

Soong-Ki Kim, Soon-Il An. 2020: Untangling El Niño‐La Niña Asymmetries Using a Nonlinear Coupled Dynamic Index. Geophysical Research Letters. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL085881

115

Jongsoo Shin, Roman Olson, and Soon-Il An. 2019: Improved probabilistic twenty-first century projections of sea surface temperature over East Asian marginal seas by considering uncertainty owing to model error and internal variability. Climate Dynamics. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-019-04911-0

114

Soon-Il An and Eun Sook Heo. 2019: Robust opposite‐changing tendency between the thermal advection damping by mean current and thermo‐dynamical damping of ENSO Feedback in a changing climate. Royal Meteorological Society. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.6176

113

Hyo-Jeong Kim and Soon-Il An. 2019: Impact of North Atlantic Freshwater Forcing on the Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulation under Glacial and Interglacial Conditions. J. Clim. 32. 4641-4659. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-19-0065.1

112

Roman Olson, Soon-Il An, Yanan Fan, and Jason P. Evans. 2019: Accounting for skill in trend, variability, and autocorrelation facilitates better multi-model projections: Application to the AMOC and temperature time series. PLoS ONE 14(4): e021435. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0214535 

 

2018  

111

Ji-Won Kim, and Soon-Il An 2018: Western North Pacific anticyclone chnage associated with the EL Nino-Indian Ocean Dipole coupling. International Journal of Climatology. DOI:http://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5967

110

Soon-Il An, and Ji-Won Kim 2018: Transition asymmetry of ENSO: Internal and external causes and intermodal diversity. Geophysical Research Letters, 45, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078476


109 

Axel Timmermann, Soon-Il An, Jong-Seong Kug, Fei-Fei Jin, Wenju Cai, Antonietta Capotondi, Kim Cobb, Matthieu Lengaigne, Michael J McPhaden, Malte F Stuecker, Karl Stein, Andrew T Wittenberg, Kyung-Sook Yun, Tobias Bayr, Han-Ching Chen, Yoshimitsu Chikamoto, Boris Dewitte, Dietmar Dommenget, Pamela Grothe, Eric Guilyardi, Yoo-Geun Ham, Michiya Hayashi, Sarah Ineson, Daehyun Kang, Sunyong Kim, Wonmoo Kim, June-Yi Lee, Tim Li, Jing-Jia Luo, Shayne Mcgregor, Yann Planton, Scott Power, Harun Rashid, Hong-Li Ren, Agus Santoso, Ken Takahashi, Alexander Todd, Guomin Wang, Guojian Wang, Ruihuang Xie, Woo-Hyun Yang, Sang-Wook Yeh, Jinho Yoon, Elke Zeller, Xuebin Zhang. 2018 : El Nino-Southern Oscillation complexity. Nature. DOI:10.1038/s41586-018-0252-6

108 

R. Olson, Soon-Il An, Y. Fan, J. P. Evans, L. Caesar. 2018 : North Atlantic observations sharpen meridional overturning projections. Climate Dynamics. DOI:10.1007/s00382-017-3867-7

107

Ji-Won Kim, Soon-Il An. 2018 : Origin of early-spring central Pacific warming as the 1982-1983 El Nino precursor. Int J Climatol. DOI:10.1002/joc.5465

106

Soon-Il An. 2018 : Impact of Pacific Decadal Oscillation on Frequency Asymmetry of El Nino and La Nina Events. Advances in Atmospheric Science. DOI:10.1007/s00376-018-8024-7

105

Soon-Il An, Hayoung Bong. 2018 : Feedback process responsible for the suppression of ENSO activity during the mid-Holocene. Theor Appl Climatol. DOI:10.1007/s00704-017-2117-6

104

Soon-Il An, Seul-Hee Im, Sang-Yoon Jun, 2018 : Changes in ENSO activity during the last 6,000 years modulated by background climate state. Geophysical Research Letters. DOI:10.1002/2017GL076250

103

Sang-Wook Yeh, Wenju Cai, Seung-Ki Min, Michael J. McPhaden, Dietmar Dommenget, Boris Dewitte, Matthew Collins, Karumuri Ashok, Soon-Il An, Bo-Young Yim, Jong-Seong Kug, 2018 : ENSO atmospheric teleconnections and their response to greenhouse gas forcing. Reviews of Geophysics., 56, 185-206. DOI:10.1002/2017RG000568

102

So-Jung Shin, Soon-Il An, 2018 : Interdecadal Change in the Relationship Between the North Pacific Oscillation and the Pacific Meridional Mode and Its Impact on ENSO. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences. DOI:10.1007/s13143-017-0060-1

101

Jongsoo Shin, R. Olson, Soon-Il An, 2018 : Projected Heat Wave Characteristics over the Korean Peninsula During the Twenty-First Century. Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences. DOI:10.1007/s13143-017-0059-7


2017  

100

Soon-Il An,  Eun Sook Heo, Seon Tae Kim. 2017 : Feedback process responsible for intermodel diversity of ENSO variability. Geophys. Res. Lett. doi:10.1002/2017GL073203.

99

Soon-Il An, Hayoung Bong. 2017 : Feedback process responsible for the suppression of ENSO activity during the mid-Holocene. Theor Appl Climatol. doi:10.1007/s00704-017-2117-6.

98

Jae-Heung Park, Soon-Il An, Jong-Seong Kug. 2017 : Interannual variability of western North Pacific SST anomalies and its impact on North Pacific and North America. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-017-3538-8.

97

Soon-Il An, Hyo-Jeong Kim, Wonsun Park, Birgit Schneider. 2017 : Impact of ENSO on East Asian winter monsoon during interglacial periods: effect of orbital forcing. Climate Dynamics. doi:10.1007/s00382-016-3506-8.

96

Soon-Il An, Ji-Won Kim. 2017 : Role of nonlinear ocean dynamic response to wind on the asymmetrical transition of El Nino and La Nina. Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 393-400, doi:10.1002/ 2016GL071971.

 

2016 

95

Ji-Won Kim, Soon-Il An, Sang-Yoon Jun, Hey-Jin Park and Sang-Wook Yeh. 2016 : ENSO and East Asian winter monsoon relationship modulation associated with the anomalous northwest Pacific anticyclone. Climate dynamics. DOI 10.1007/s00382-016-3371-5

 


2015

94

Soon-Il An, Hayoung Bong. 2015 : Inter-decadal change in El Nino-Southern Oscillation examined with Bjerknes stability index analysis. Climate Dynamics.  DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2883-8

93

Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Guojian Wang, Sang-Wook Yeh, Soon-Il An, Kim Cobb, Mat Collins, Eric Guilyardi, Fei-Fei Jin, Jong-Seong Kug, Matthieu Lengaigne, Michael J. McPhaden, Ken Takahashi, Axel Timmermann, Gabriel Vecchi, Masahiro Watanabe and Lixin Wu. 2015 : ENSO and greenhouse warming. Nature climate change.

92

Seul-Hee Im, Soon-Il An, Seon Tae Kim, and Fei-Fei Jin. 2015 : Feedback processes responsible for El Nino-La Nina amplitude asymmetry. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 5556-5563,

91

Mi-Kyung Sung, Soon-Il An, Baek-Min Kim, and Jong-Seong Kug. 2015 : Asymmetric impact of Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation on El Nino and La Nina characteristics. Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 4998-5004,

90

Seung-Ki Min, Seok-Woo Son, Kyong-Hwan Seo, Jong-Seong Kug, Soon-Il An, Yong-Sang Choi, Jee-Hoon Jeong, Baek-Min Kim, Ji-Won Kim, Yeon-Hee Kim, June-Yi Lee, and Myong-In Lee, 2015 : Changes in Weather and climate Extremes over Korea and Possible Causes: A Review. Asia-Pac. J. Atmos. Sci., 51(2), 103-121,

89

Yu, J.-Y., P.-K. Kao, H. Paek, H.-H. Hsu, C.-W. Hung, M.-M. Lu, and S.-I. An, 2015 : Linking Emergence of the Central-Pacific El Nino to the Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation. J.Climate., 28, 651-662.

88

S.-I. An., and J. Choi, 2015 : Why the Twenty-first Century Tropical Pacific Trend Pattern cannot significantly influence ENSO Amplitude?. Climate Dynamics., 44, 133-146.


2014

87

Yun Gon Lee, Jhoon Kim,Chang-Hoi Ho ,Soon-Il An, Hi-Ku Cho, Rui Mao, Baijun Tian, Dong Wu, Jae N. Lee,Olga Kalashnikova, Yunsoo Choi and Sang-Wook Yeh.  2014 : The effects of ENSO under negative AO phase on spring dust activity over northern China: an observational investigation. Int. J. Climatol., 35(6). 935-947.

86

Park, J.-H., and S.-I. An 2014 : Southward displacement of the upper atmosphere zonal jet in the eastern north Pacific due to global warming, Geophysical Res.Lett., 41, 7861-7867(Corresponding author)

85

Kim, S.-T., W. Cai, F.-F. Jin, A. Santoso, L. Wu, E. Guilyardi, and S.-I. An 2014 : Response of El Nino sea surface temperature variability to greenhouse warming, Nature Climate Change, 4, 786-790.

84

Sung, M.-K., S.-I. An, B.-M. Kim and S.-H. Woo 2014 : A physical mechanism of the precipitation dipole in the western United States based on PDO-storm track relationship. Geophy. Res. Lett., 41, 4719-4726.

83

Ham, Y.-G., M.-K. Sung, S.-I. An, S.D. Schubert and J.-S. Kug 2014 : Role of tropical Atlantic SST variability as a modulator of El Nino teleconnections. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci., 50(1), 1-15.

82

Park, J.-H, and S.-I. An 2014 : Impact of Tropical Western Pacific Convection on the North Pacific Atmospheric Circulation during the Boreal Winter. Climate Dynamics,, 43, 2227-2238.

81

S.-I. An, and S.-H. Im, 2014 : Blunt ocean dynamical thermostat in response of tropicla eastern Pacific SST to global warming. Theoretical and Applied Climatology,, 118, 173-183.

80

S.-I. An, and Choi, 2014 : Mid-Holocene Tropicla Pacific Climate State, Annual Cycle, and ENSO in PMIP2 and PMIP3. Climate Dynamics,, 43, 957-970.

79

Sung, M.-K., Kim, B.-M., S.-I. An, 2014 : Altered atmospheric responses to eastern Pacific and central Pacific El Ninos over the north Atlantic region due to stratospheric interference. Climate Dynamics,, 42, 159-170 (corresponding author)

78

Yeh, S.-W., J.-S. Kug and S.-I. An, 2014 : Recent Progress on Two Types of El Nino : Observations, Dynamics, and Future Changes. Asia Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 50(1), 69-81, 2014.


2013

77

Santos, A., S. McGregor, F.-F. Jin, W. Cai, M.H. England, S.-I. An, M.J. McPhaden and E. Guilyardi, 2013 : Late-twentieth-century emergence of the El Nino propagation asymmetry and future projections. Nature, 504, 126-130.

76

Sung, M. -K., Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, and S.-I. An, 2013: An Alterative Effect by the Tropical North Atlantic SST  in Intraseasonally Varying El Nino Teleconnection  over the North Atlantic.Tellus A, Tellus A 2013, 65, 19863(corresponding author).

75

Thual, S., B. Dewitte, S.-I. An, S. Illig, and N. Ayoub, 2013: Influence of Recent Stratification Changes on ENSO stability in a Conceptual Model of the Equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 26,4790-4802.

74

H.-R, Kim. and S.-I. An, 2013: On the Subarctic North Atlantic Cooling due to Global Warming, Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 114, 9-19(corresponding author).

73

Choi, J., S.-I. An, S.-W. Yeh, and J.-Y. Yu, 2013: ENSO-like and ENSO-induced Tropical Pacific Decadal Variability in CGCMs, J. Climate, 26, 1485-1501(corresponding author).

72

Park, J.-H., S.-I. An, S.-W. Yeh, and Schneider N., 2013 : Quantitative Assessment of the Climate Components Driving the Pacific Decadal Oscillation in Climate Models, Theor. Appl. Climatol, 112, 431-445(corresponding author).

71

An, S.-I., H.-R. Kim, and B.-M. Kim, 2013 : Impact of Freshwater Discharge from the Greenland Ice Sheet on North Atlantic Climate Variability, Theor. Appl. Climatol.112,29-43.

70

An, S.-I. and J.-H. Park, 2013 : Maintenance of PDO Variability during the Mid-­Holocene in PMIP2, Climate Dynamics, 40,1291-1299(Feb 27, 2013).

69

An, S.-I. and J. Choi, 2013 : Inverse relationship between the equatorial eastern Pacific annual-cycle and ENSO amplitudes in a Coupled General Circulation Model, Climate Dynamics, 40,663-675.

68

Choi, J. and S.-I. An, 2013 : Quantifying the residual effects of ENSO on low-frequency variability in the tropical Pacific, Int. J. Climatology, 33,1047-1052(corresponding author).

67

Y. Tang, S.-I. An, and W. Duan, 2013 : Climate Variability and Predictability at Various Time Scales, Advances in Meteorology, 2012, Article ID 857831, 1 page. doi:10.1155/2012/857831.


2012  

66

Im, S.-H., S.-I. An, M. Lengaigne, and Y, Noh, 2012: Seasonality of Tropical Instability Waves and Its Feedback to the Seasonal Cycle in the Tropical Eastern Pacific, The Scientific World Journal, 2012, Article ID 612048, 11 pages. doi:10.1100/2012/612048.(corresponding author)

65

Ham, S., S.-Y. Jong, Y. Noh, S.-I. An, Y.-H. Byun, H.-S. Kang, J. Lee, and W.-T. Kwon, 2012 : Effects of fresh water run off on a trpical Pacific climate in the HAdGEM2. Asia-Pacific J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 457 -463.

64

An, S.-I., J.-W Kim, S.-H. Im, B.-M. Kim, and J.-H. Park, 2012 : Recent and Future Sea Surface Temperature Trends in Tropical Pacific Warm Pool and Cold Tongue Regions, Climate Dynamics, 39, 1373-1383.

63

Dewitte B., J. Choi, S.-I. An, and S. Thual, 2012 : Vertical structure variability and equatorial waves during central Pacific and eastern Pacific El Ninos in a coupled general circulation model, Climate Dynamics, 38, 2275-2289.

62

Choi, J., S.-I. An, and S.-W. Yeh, 2012 : Decadal amplitude modulation of two types of ENSO and its relationship with the mean state, Climate Dynamics, 38, 2631-2644.(corresponding author)(June 1, 2012)

61

An, S.-I., J.-H. Park, B.-M. Kim, A. Timmermann, and F.-F. Jin, 2012 : Impacts of ocean gateway and basin width on Tertiary tropical climate variability in a prototype model, Theor, Appl. Climatol., 107, 155-164.(Jan. 9, 2012)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

2011

60

An, S.-I., 2011 : Atmospheric responses of Gill-type and Lindzen-Nigam models to global warming, J. Climate, 24, 6165-6173.(Dec 1, 2011)

59

Choi, J., S.-I. An, J.-S. Kug, and S.-W. Yeh, 2011 : The role of mean state on changes in El Nino’s flavor, Climate Dynamics, 37, 1205-1215.(corresponding author)(Sep. 1, 2011)

58

Thual, S., B. Dewitte, N. Ayoub, and S.-I. An, 2011 : Sensitivity of ENSO to stratification in a recharge-discharge conceptual model. J. Climate, 24, 4332-4349.

57

Sung, M.-K., G.-H. Lim, J.-S. Kug, and S.-I. An, 2011 : A linkage between the NAO and its down stream development due to the existence of blocking ridge. J. Geophys. Res.- Atmosphere, 116, D11107.(corresponding author)(June. 4, 2011)

56

Kim, B.-M., and S.-I. An, 2011: Understanding ENSO regime behavior upon an increase in the warm-pool temperature using a simple ENSO model. J. Climate, 24, 1438-1450.(corresponding author)(Mar. 1, 2011)

55

An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2011: Linear solutions for the frequency and amplitude modulation of ENSO by the annual cycle, Tellus, 63A, 238-243.(Mar. 1, 2011)


2010

54

An, S.-I., and J. Choi, 2010 : Interaction between Equatorially Symmetric and Asymmetric Tropical Eastern Pacific SSTs, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 102, 151-158.

53

Belmadani, A., B. Dewitte and S.-I. An, 2010 : ENSO feedbacks and associated timescales of variabillity in a multi-model ensemble, J.Climate, 23, 3181-3204.(June 15, 2010)

52

Collins, M., S.-I. An, W. Cai, A. Ganachaud, E. Guilyardi, F.-F. Jin, M. Jochum, M. Lengaigne, S. Power, A. Timmermann, G. Vecchi, and A. Wittenberg, 2010: The impact of global warming on the tropical Pacific Ocean and El Nino, Nature Geoscience, 3, 391-397.

51

Kug, J.-S., S.-I. An, Y.-G. Ham, and I.-S. Kang, 2010 : Changes in El Nino and La Nina teleconncetions over North Pacific-America in the global warming simulations, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 100, 275-282.(corresponding author)(May. 2010)

50

Kug, J.-S., J. Choi, S.-I. An, F.-F. Jin and A.-T. Wittenberg, 2010 : Warm Pool and Cold Tongue El Nino events as simulated by the GFDL2.1 coupled GCM, J. Climate, 23, 1226-1239.(corresponding author)(Mar. 1, 2010)

49

An, S. -I., Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, A. Timmermann, J. Choi and I.-S. Kang, 2010 : The inverse effect of annual mean state and annual cycle changes on ENSO, J. Climate, 23, 1095-1110.(Mar. 1, 2010)


2009

48

Choi, J., S.-I. An, B. Dewitte, and W.-W. Hsieh, 2009 : Interactive feedback between the tropical Pacific decadal oscillation and ENSO in a coupled general circulation model, J. Climate, 22, 6597-6611.(corresponding author)(Dec. 15. 2009)

47

Dewitte, B., S. Thual, S.-W. Yeh, S.-I. An, B.-K. Moon, and Giese, 2009 : Low-frequency Variability of Temperature in the Vicinity of the Equatorial Pacific thermocline in SODA: Role of Equatorial Wave Dynamics and ENSO Asymmetry, J. Climate, 22, 5783-5795.(Nov. 15, 2009)

46

An, S. -I., and J. Choi, 2009 : Seasonal locking of the ENSO asymmetry and its influence on the seasonal cycle of the tropical eastern Pacific sea surface temperature. Atmospheric Research, 94, 3-9.(Sep. 2009).

45

An, S. -I., 2009 : A review of interdecadal changes in the nonlinearity of the El Nino-Southern Oscillation, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 97, 29-40.(June, 2009)

44

Kug, J.-S., F.-F. Jin, and S.-I. An, 2009 : Two Types of El Nino Events: Cold Tongue El Nino and Warm Pool El Nino, J. Climate, 22, 1499-1515.(march 15, 2009).


2008  

43

An, S.-I., 2008 : Interannual Changes in the Variability of Tropical Pacific Instability Waves, Asia Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 44, 249-258.(Aug, 2008)

42

An, S.-I., 2008 : Interannual Variations of the Tropical Ocean Instability Wave and ENSO, J. Climate. 21, 3680-3686.(Aug, 2008)

41

An, S.-I., 2008 : A mechanism for the multi-decadal climate oscillation in the North Pacific, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 91, 77-84.(Feb, 2008)

40

An, S.-I., J.-S. Kug, Y.-G. Ham, and I.-S. Kang, 2008 : Successive modulation of ENSO to the future greenhouse warming, J. Climate. 21, 3-21.(Jan. 15, 2008)


2007  

39

Timmermann, A., Y. Okumura, S.-I. An, A. Clement, B. Dong, E. Guilyardi, A. Hu, J. H. Jungclaus, M. Renold, T. F. Stocker, R. J. Stouffer, R. Sutton, S.-P. Xie, and J. Yin, 2007 : The influence of a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on ENSO, J. Climate. 20, 4899-4919.

38

Timmermann, A., S. J. Lorenz, S.-I. An, A. Clement, and S.-P. Xie, 2007 : The effect of orbital forcing on the mean climate and variability of the tropical Pacific, J. Climate. 20, 4147-4159.

37

Yeh, S.-W., B. P. Kirtman, and S.-I. An, 2007 : Local versus non-local atmospheric weather noise and the North Pacific SST, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L14706.

36

Dewitte, B., C. Cibot, C. Perigaud, S.-I. An, and L. Terray, 2007 : Interaction between near-annual and ENSO modes in a CGCM simulation : Role of the equatorial background mean state, J. Climate. 20, 1035-1052.

35

Holland, C. L., R. B. Scott, S.-I. An, and F. W. Taylor, 2007 : Propagating decadal sea surface temperature signal identified in modern proxy records of the tropical Pacific, Climate Dynamics, 28, 163-179.

34

An, S.-I., J.-S. Kug, A. Timmermann, I.-S. Kang, and O. Timm, 2007 : The influence of ENSO on the generation of decadal variability in the North Pacific, J. Climate. 20, 667-680.


2005-2006  
 

33

An, S.-I., Z. Ye., and W. Hsieh, 2006 : Changes in the leading ENSO modes associated with the late 1970s climate shift : Role of surface zonal current, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L14609.

32

Kug, J.-S., T. Li, S.-I. An, I.-S. Kang, J.-J. Luo, S. Masson, and T. Yamagata, 2006 : Role of the ENSO-Indian Ocean coupling on ENSO variability in a coupled GCM, Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L09710.

31

Kwon, M. H., J.-G, Jhun, B. Wang, S.-I. An, and J.-S. Kug, 2005 : Decadal change in relationship between east Asian summer monsson and western north Pacific summer monsoon, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L16709.

30

Wang, B., and S.-I. An, 2005 : A method for season-dependent modes of climate variability : S-EOF analysis, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L15710.

29

Timmermann, A., S.-I. An, U. Krebs, and H. Goosse, 2005 : ENSO suppression due to a weakening of the North Atlantic thermohaline circulation, J. Climate. 18, 3122-3139.

28

An, S.-I., and B. Wang, 2005 : The forced and intrinsic low-frequency models in the North Pacific, J. Climate. 18, 876-885.

27

Kug, J.-S., S.-I. An, F.-F. Jin, and I.-S. Kang, 2005 : Preconditions for El Nino and La Nina onsets and their relation to Indian Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L05706.

26

An, S.-I., and W. W. Hsieh, and F.-F. Jin, 2005 : A nonlinear analysis of ENSO cycle and its interdecadal changes, J. Climate. 18, 3229-3239.

25

An, S.-I., 2005 : Relative roles of the equatorial upper ocean zonal current and thermocline in determining the timescale of the tropical climate system, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 81, 121-132.

24

An, S.-I., Y.-G. Ham, J.-S. Kug, F.-F. Jin, and I.-S. Kang, 2005 : El Nino-La Nina asymmetry in the coupled model Intercomparison project simulations, J. Climate. 18, 2617-2627.


2001-2004  

23

An, S.-I., A. Timmermann, L. Bejarano, F.-F. Jin, F. Justino, Z. Liu, and A. W. Tudhope, 2004 : Modeling evidence for enhanced El Nino-Southern Oscillation amplitude during the Last Glacial Maximum, Paleoceanography. 19, PA4009.

22

An, S.-I., 2004 : Interdecadal changes in the El Nino-La Nina asymmetry, Geophy. Res. Lett., 31, L23210.

21

Kang, I.-S., J.-S. Kug, S.-I. An and F.-F. Jin, 2004 : A Near-Annual Pacific Ocean Basin Mode, J. Climate. 17, 2478-2488.

20

An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2004 : Nonlinearity and asymmetry of ENSO, J. Climate. 17, 2399-2412.

19

An, S.-I., 2004 : A dynamic link between the basin-scale and zonal modes in the Tropical Indian Ocean, Theor. Appl. Climato., 78, 203-215.

18

Kug, J.-S., I.-S. Kang and S.-I. An, 2003 : Symmetric and anti-symmetric mass exchanges between the equatorial and off-equatorial Pacific associated with ENSO, J. Geophy. Res. -Oceans. 108, C8, 3284.

17

An, S.-I., 2003 : Conditional Maximum Covariance Analysis and its Application to the Tropical Indian Ocean SST and Surface wind Stress Anomalies, J. Climate. 16, 2932-2938.

16

Jin, F.-F., S.-I. An, A. Timmermann, and J. Zhao, 2003 : Strong El Nino events and nonlinear dynamical heating, Geophys. Res. Letts. 30, 1120.

15

Jin, F.-F., J.-S. Kug, S.-I. An and I.-S. Kang, 2003 : A near-annual coupled ocean-atmosphere mode in the equatorial Pacific ocean, Geophys. Res. Letts. 30, 1080.

14

Wang, B., and S.-I. An, 2002 : A mechanism for decadal changes of ENSO behavior : Roles of background wind changes, Climate Dyn. 18, 475-486.

13

An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2001 : Tropical Pacific Basin-Wide Adjustment and Oceanic Waves, Geophy. Res. Lett., 28, 3975-3978.

12

Wang, B., and S.-I. An, 2001 : Why the Properties of El Nino changed During the Late 1970s, Geophy. Res. Lett., 28, 3421-3432.

11

An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2001 : Collective Role of Thermocline and Zonal Advective Feedbacks in the ENSO Mode, J. Climate, 14, 3421-3432.

10

An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2001 : Sensitivity of the Equatorial Air-Sea Coupled System to the Zonal Phase Difference between SST and Wind Stress, Adv. Atmos. Sci., 18, 155-165.

9

Kang, I.-S., S.-I. An and F.-F. Jin, 2001 : A Systematic Approximation of the SST Anomaly Equation for ENSO, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. 79, 1-10.

8

An, S.-I., and B. Wang, 2001 : Mechanisms of locking the El Nino and La Nina mature phases to boreal winter, J. Climate. 27, 2164-2176.


1998-2000  

7

An, S.-I., and F.-F. Jin, 2000 : An eigen analysis of the interdecadal changes in the structure and frequency of ENSO mode, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 1573-1576.

6

An, S.-I., and B. Wang, 2000 : Interdecadal change of the structure of the ENSO mode and it impact on the ENSO frequency, J. Climate. 13, 2044-2055.

5

An, S.-I., and I.-S. Kang, 2000 : A further investigation of the recharge oscillator paradigm for ENSO using a simple coupled model with the zonal mean and eddy separated, J. Climate. 13, 1987-1993.

4

An, S.-I, 2000 : On the slow mode in a simple air-sea coupled model : The Sensitivity to the zonal pahse difference between the SST and the atmospheric heating, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. 78, 159-165.

3

An, S.-I., F.-F. Jin, and I.-S. Kang, 1999 : The role of zonal advection feedback in phase transition and growth of ENSO in the Cane-Zebiak model, J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. 77, 1151-1160.

2

Jin, F.-F. and S.-I. An, 1999 : Thermocline and zonal advection feedbacks within the equatorial ocean recharge oscillator model for ENSO, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 2989-2992.

1

Kang, I.-S., and S.-I. An, 1998 : Kelvin and Rossby wave contributions to the SST oscillation of ENSO, J. Climate. 11, 2461-2469.
 


Domestic Journals  

5

An, S.-I. and J. Choi, 2012 : On the Development of 2012 EI Nino, Atmosphere. 22, 465-472( Korean).

4

An, S.-I., K.-J. Ha, K.-H. Seo, S.-W. Yeh, S.-K. Min, and C.-H. Ho, 2011 : A review of recent climate trends and causes over the Korean Peninsula, Climate Change Research, 2(4), 237-251(Korean).

3

Kug, J.-S., S.-I. An, 2010 : Ocean dynamic processes responsible for the interannual variability of the tropical Indian Ocean SST associated with ENSO, Atmosphere, 20, 211-219.

2

Kang, I.-S., Yang-Mi Lee, and S.-I. An, 1995 : Interannual variability of Typhoon activity over the western Pacific and El Nino, J. Korean Meteor. Soc. 31, 15-26.

1

Kang, I.-S., S.-I. An, C.-H. Joung, S.-C. Yoon, and S.-M. Lee, 1989 : 30-60 day oscillation signal appearing in climatological variation of outgoing longwave radiation around East Asian region during Northern Summer, J. Korean Meteor. Soc., 25, 221-232.

Climate Theory Lab.

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